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(原创)奥巴马国情咨文要义盘点  

2010-01-31 23:50:41|  分类: 杂谈随笔 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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根据美国宪法,每年年初,美国总统都要在国会做年度报告,阐述政府施政方针,1月27日,奥巴马总统按惯例发表了时长超过一小时的讲话,仍然是以自由演讲的形式,不带演讲稿,不用“一二三”格式的八股文,相反,用口头语、偶尔带轻松幽默的小玩笑、激情又煽情的措辞和语气,是自由轻松版的“政府工作报告”。国情咨文大体可以分为三部分,一是总体盘点,二是一年主要工作业绩,三是未来工作重点,主要篇幅集中于经济。

关于现实困难:

仍有十分之一的美国人找不到工作。许多企业歇业,房屋价格下跌,小城镇和乡村受到的冲击尤其严重。那些原本贫穷的人生活变得更加艰难。这次经济大萧条使美国家庭几十年来承载的重压进一步加剧,即:即使他们工作更努力、时间更长,也得不到更多的收入,无法存够钱退休或者供孩子读完大学。( One in 10 Americans still cannot find work. Many businesses have shuttered. Home values have declined. Small towns and rural communities have been hit especially hard. And for those who'd already known poverty, life has become that much harder.This recession has also compounded the burdens that America's families have been dealing with for decades –- the burden of working harder and longer for less; of being unable to save enough to retire or help kids with college. )此外,对过去一些积弊进行诟病,奥巴马将过去十年称为“lost dacade”,where jobs grew more slowly than during any prior expansion; where the income of the average American household declined while the cost of health care and tuition reached record highs; where prosperity was built on a housing bubble and financial speculation.

关于工作成就:

随着金融体系的稳定,我们也逐渐重新恢复了经济增长,同时尽可能地保留住了更多的工作岗位,并帮助了那些失去工作的美国民众。这也是为什么我们能够为1800多万美国失业人员延长或增加了失业津贴,使得统一综合预算汇编法案(COBRA)覆盖的美国家庭医疗保险费用下降65%,并通过了25项不同的税收减免政策。让我重申,我们在减税,我们为工薪阶层家庭削减了95%的税,我们为小企业减税,为首套房购房者减税,为抚养孩子的父母减税,为800万付费上大学的美国人减税。这样做的结果,就是数百万美国人在汽油、食品等生活必需品多支出,这样才能让企业留住更多的工人。对于每一个个人,我们没有提高一分一厘的税收。一分一厘也没有。由于我们所采取的措施,大约两百万行将失业的人重新找到的工作。(now, as we stabilized the financial system, we also took steps to get our economy growing again, save as many jobs as possible, and help Americans who had become unemployed. That's why we extended or increased unemployment benefits for more than 18 million Americans; made health insurance 65 percent cheaper for families who get their coverage through COBRA; and passed 25 different tax cuts.Now, let me repeat: We cut taxes. We cut taxes for 95 percent of working families.We cut taxes for small businesses. We cut taxes for first-time homebuyers. We cut taxes for parents trying to care for their children. We cut taxes for 8 million Americans paying for college. I thought I'd get some applause on that on this。As a result, millions of Americans had more to spend on gas and food and other necessities, all of which helped businesses keep more workers. And we haven't raised income taxes by a single dime on a single person. Not a single dime. Because of the steps we took, there are about two million Americans working right now who would otherwise be unemployed. )

关于工作重点:

首当其冲的目标是就业和作为就业发动机的经济,国情咨文中提出的经济目标和措施有:300亿美元资金规模的小企业信贷、减税尤其是与就业岗位创造相关的减税措施、基础设施建设、环保设施建设和激励计划、就业法案、稳定金融业、创建清洁能源、五年内出口翻倍、国家出口计划(新增两百万就业岗位)、加大教育投入、房屋、健康保险。此外,奥巴马还自问自答了财政资金来源问题和党派争端作风建设问题,承诺开源和节流。还提到对战争、恐怖主义、核威胁的态度,承诺8月末从伊拉克撤军。

关于中国:

文中两处提到中国,一处是提到基础设施时:There's no reason Europe or China should have the fastest trains, or the new factories that manufacture clean energy products。二是讲到对待美国存在的种种问题与困难时,也提到国家间的竞争压力,即 China is not waiting to revamp its economy. Germany is not waiting. India is not waiting. These nations -- they're not standing still. These nations aren't playing for second place. They're putting more emphasis on math and science. They're rebuilding their infrastructure. They're making serious investments in clean energy because they want those jobs. Well, I do not accept second place for the United States of America. 中国、德国、印度重视数学、科学等基础学科、设施建设日新月异、在清洁能源方面投入巨大。但美国口号十分明确,美国决不做第二。

国情咨文是奥巴马总统改善和提高公众支持率的一次好机会,一如既往地表现了激情、自信、坚忍、运筹帷幄、鞠躬尽瘁的形象。前晚去看《阿凡达》,当杰克为率领纳威人反抗地球入侵而对外星各族人发表演讲时,也展现超群的演讲口才和相似的风范气质,这是美国精神的一种表达吧!

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